- In giving thought to the several countries that have embraced socialistic or communistic forms of government, we see that none are exactly alike.
- Although theoretical proponents of the two philosophies may claim certain differences, both insist that personal property rights must be abolished or severely regulated by a central authority.
- Both also require central planning for the normal course of events such as education and the economy.
- Provoking resentments of economic and societal differences and using emotional rallying cries for “Equality!” have always been among the modi operandi of the organizers who have established those forms of government.
- One historical commonality of those forms of government is that oft times the leaders came to power and maintained it by the use of violence.
- This was true in the cases of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. The Nazis raised the socialist banner (National Socialist German Workers Party) championed by Adolf Hitler, while the Soviets (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) embraced communism that was based on the philosophy developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels with the implementation being effected at the hands of Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin.
- Aside from Hitler’s rage for racial “purity”, his great quarrel with Stalin was not so much political philosophy as it was about which of the two would dominate Europe and eventually a major portion of the world.
- In 1847 Engels developed the Principles of Communism. Therein he noted that communism must become a worldwide movement, and the first assembly for those who were interested convened in 1864.
- Engels expounded that communism was the struggle (remember that word) between workers who owned no property (the proletariat) and those people who were capitalistic property owners (the bourgeoisie… pronounced sorta like… “boor-zwa-zee”).
- A major factor in converting other countries to communism would require that they have a democratic constitution.
- Even though the constitutional government of America had existed less than sixty years, Engels thought it important enough give that country special attention.
- He mistakenly believed a democratic constitution had already been established, and openly informed America, and all who would inquire, that communist intentions would be to make common cause with the party that would turn that constitution against the bourgeoisie.
- In all cases where possible, the communists would make common cause with “democratic socialists” and various other democratic parties depending upon how closely their socialistic measures approached the aims of communism.
- Two objectives of the implementation of communism would be ending the practices of traditional marriage and religion.
- Engels even provided some of the main measures in establishing communism.
…. Graduated taxation (Like our income tax – 1913)
…. Heavy inheritance tax (Like our estate tax – 1916)
…. Control of money through a national bank (Forms have existed since the 1790s, but a major move was taken with the establishment of the “FED” – 1913)
…. Construction of national housing at national cost (Similarities found in HUD – 1965)
…. Education of all children in national establishments at national cost. (Control beginning with the slow, 1867-1979, development of the Dept. of Education and continuing with views now expressed by Bernie Sanders – 2016)
61. Engels admits the impossibility of achieving the goals of his Principles all at once, but insisted that one would bring others in its wake with gradual implementation being preferred, but measures of violence would be supported if necessary.